Field Crop Agriculture and Climate Change (E3149)

This bulletin provides an overview of how greenhouse gases are related to agriculture and how climate change is likely to affect field crop production. It includes mitigation and sequestration strategies for field crop growers.

How are greenhouse gases related to agriculture?

Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide occur naturally in the atmosphere and keep the Earth warm, allowing us to survive on Earth. Over the last 200 years, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has increased as a result of burning fossil fuels and other human activities1 . The majority of scientists agree that increased greenhouse gas levels are causing Earth’s average global temperature to rise. Consequently, we experience changes in climate at the local level (see MSU Extension E3148).


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