Basswood or American Linden

Tilia americana shape

Tilia americana

  • Height: 35’ - 50’
  • Spread: 25’ - 30’
  • Site characteristics: Sandy loam to silt loam; light shade
  • Zone: 3a - 8a Wet/dry: Requires moist, well-drained sites, but will tolerate intermittent drought once established
  • Native range: Northern United States
  • Salt: Sensitive
  • pH: 6.5 - 8.2
  • Shape: Narrow to broad pyramidal, depending on cultivar
  • Foliage: Light green to dark green, depending on cultivar
  • Other: Fragrant flowers in June
  • Cultivars: ‘Boulevard’ – narrowly pyramidal, hardy to Zone 3; Legend – broadly pyramidal, Zone 4, medium green; ‘Redmond’ – pyramidal, light green foliage
  • Additional: Transplant in spring or fall
  • Pests: Very susceptible to Japanese beetles, mites, aphids, borers, leafminers and scales

Tilia americana 5 redmond basswood
Photos: Jesse Saylor, MSU (left) and Bert Creggr, MSU (right).

tilia americana range
Map indicates species’ native range. Source: U.S. Geological Survey

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