American Elm

ulmus americana tree shape

Ulmus americana

  • Height: 70’
  • Site characteristics: Rich, well-drained soils
  • Zone: 4 for most cultivars
  • Wet/dry: Tolerates intermittent flooding and drought once established
  • Native range: Eastern United States
  • Salt: Moderate tolerance
  • pH: 5.0 - 8.2
  • Shape: Upright vase
  • Cultivars: A variety of Dutch elm disease-resistant cultivars are now available in the nursery market. These include selections of American elm (Ulmus americana) that have been identified as Dutch elm disease-tolerant through intensive, long-term screening programs. ‘Valley Forge’ – green summer foliage, changing to yellow in fall. National Arboretum introduction. Best Dutch elm disease-tolerance among American elms tested. Zone 5. ‘New Harmony’ – second to Valley Forge in Dutch elm disease tolerance. More attractive foliage and better nursery form than ‘Valley Forge’. Zone 4.
  • Additional: Transplant in spring
  • Pests: Elm leaf beetles

American Elm at Scenic Hill University American Elm at Scenic Hills
Photos: Scenic Hills Nursery

Ulmus americana
Photo: Matt Laving, Wikimedia Commons

Ulmus americana range
Map indicates species’ native range. Source: U.S. Geological Survey

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See full list of smart tree selections for communities and landowners.

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