Turning off the lights – will it save the planet?
We see ads telling us this; we put stickers on wall plates in public places telling us to turn off the lights; increasingly there are motion sensors that turn off the lights after a few seconds of no activity. It is the right thing to do?
Most of us believe that turning off the lights when you leave a room saves energy, reduces the emission of carbon and is the “green” thing to do. We see ads telling us this; we put stickers on wall plates in public places telling us to turn off the lights; increasingly there are motion sensors that turn off the lights after a few seconds of no activity.
It is the right thing to do! Or is it?
The U.S. Department of Energy says, ‘It depends’.
The case for turning off incandescent bulbs (which are being phased out of the marketplace) is relatively clear cut. If you turn them off when the light is not needed, even for a short period of time, you will be saving electricity. This is largely because there is no additional energy needed to initiate the lighting process.
How about for fluorescents? Since fluorescents are so much more efficient at producing light than incandescent bulbs and have a longer life span, the situation is different. Some have suggested that the additional energy needed to initiate the lighting process in fluorescents outweighs the energy saved by turning off the lights. However, the U.S. Department of Energy suggests that this “inrush” of energy only lasts 1/120 of a second and is equivalent to only a few seconds of energy use.
The case for fluorescents is further complicated since turning fluorescents on and off reduces their life span or duty cycle. A 1998 study conducted by the Lighting Research Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute examined how a fluorescent bulb’s useful life was affected by its duty cycle, i.e. how often it was switched on and off. This study indicated that fluorescent bulbs that were switched on and off every five minutes only lasted 15 percent as long as those that were on for three hours before being switched off—that means just 1,500 hours of active life, rather than the advertised 10,000! While turning lights on and off every 5 minutes would be unusual, even durations of 3 hours on and 10-15 minutes off can significantly reduce the life span of the bulb. This is somewhat dependent upon the type of fluorescent lamp that you have and your needs. The reduction of lamp life due to frequent on-off cycles is much greater for “instant start” bulbs as compared to the more frequent “fast start” bulbs.
This is important for several reasons:
- Replacing bulbs requires more raw materials for manufacturing (including the energy required to make, process, transport),
- Replacing bulbs increases the energy and costs required to purchase and replace the bulbs.
The most cost-effective length of time that a lamp (or set of lamps) can be turned off before the value of the savings exceeds the cost of having to replace bulbs (due to their shortened operating life) will depend on the type and model of bulb and ballast. The cost of replacing a bulb (or ballast) depends on the cost of the bulb and the cost of labor to do it.
So, how do we utilize this information in our everyday lives?
Michigan State University Extension recommends these general rules-of-thumb for saving energy and protecting the planet:
For incandescent bulbs, turn off the light if everyone will be out of the room for more than 1 minute
For fluorescent bulbs:
- If you or others will be out of a room for 15 minutes or less, leave it on.
- If you or others will be out of a room for more than 15 minutes, turn it off.
Ecosystems are complex and so is being “GREEN”!