Scouting for weeds: poison ivy

Editor’s note: This article is from the archives of the MSU Crop Advisory Team Alerts. Check the label of any pesticide referenced to ensure your use is included.

Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Ktze.

Family: Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)

Life cycle:
Perennial woody vine.

Leaves:
Alternate, compound with three shiny leaflets. Leaflet margins may be smooth, toothed or lobed. The side leaflets occur on very short stalks; the middle leaflet occurs on a much longer stalk. Leaves may turn bright red in the fall. Contact with any part of this plant can cause a reaction in sensitive people.

Stems: Shrubby or climbing, woody vines are supported by aerial roots.

Flowers and fruit
: Small, inconspicuous, yellow to green flowers have five petals.  Fruit are gray to white berries (drupes).

Reproduction:
Seeds, creeping roots and stems, which may root if in contact with the ground.

Control:
Mechanical control is generally not recommended due to the allergenic dermatitis of poison ivy. However, when growing on desirable plants, carefully cut the woody stems at the soil surface and treat with an herbicide. Poison ivy can be controlled with herbicides that contain triclopyr (Brush-B-Gon), 2,4-D, triclopyr plus 2,4-D ester (Crossbow), glyphosate (Roundup, others) or triclopyr plus glyphosate (Roundup Poison Ivy Killer). Repeated applications may be necessary.

Poison ivy leaf
Leaf of poison ivy.

poison ivy flower
Poison ivy flower.

foliage
Poison ivy foliage.

roots
Poison ivy roots.

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