Prediabetes: Are you at risk?

Risk factors related to prediabetes.

 In 2004, over two million Michigan adults’ ages 18-85 years were estimated to have prediabetes. Three-quarters of those adults were aged 40-85 years. The Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) contains more information on facts related to what is going on in the U.S. and Michigan for diabetes.

There are serious complications that can occur with diabetes including vision problems, kidney problems, amputation, nerve damage, heart and blood vessel problems and gum disease. These complications can affect a person’s quality of life but do not need to happen if diabetes is controlled or avoided. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) contains more detailed information regarding the biological complications that are associated with diabetes.

People that have been diagnosed with prediabetes are at high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. There are controlled and uncontrolled triggers that put a person at risk for Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes; family members with diabetes, getting older, being overweight, little or no regular physical activity, history of gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, low LDL cholesterol or high triglycerides, certain ethnic groups such as African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American and Pacific Islander.

It is possible to have prediabetes and not know it. People with prediabetes do not often have symptoms. Symptoms for prediabetes and diabetes develop gradually and many people do not even know they have the disease. If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, it is recommended to have blood glucose levels checked every one to two years. There is a wealth of information regarding diabetes and prediabetes that you access via the web.

Michigan State University Extension offers several programs that educate on diabetes prevention and how to manage diabetes, such as Dining with Diabaetes, PATH and the Michigan Diabetes Prevention course.

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