Financial Ratios Part 5 of 21: Equity-To-Asset Ratio

How much of the Farm or Business do I actually own?

Financial Ratios can assist in determining the health of a business. There is a minimum of 21 different ratios that can be looked at by many financial institutions. You cannot look at a single ratio and determine the overall health of a business or farming operation. Multiple ratios must be used along with other information to determine the total and overall health of a farming operation and business. This series of articles will look at 21 commonly used ratios.

The Equity-To-Asset ratio is a measure of Solvency and is determined based on information derived from a business’ or farm operations balance sheet. The term Solvency refers to the ability of a farm or business to pay all of its debt if it were to have to immediately sell the business or farming operation. The Equity-To-Asset ratio specifically measures the amount of equity the business or farm has when compared to the total assets owned by the business or farm.

To determine the Equity-To-Asset ratio you divide the Net Worth by the Total Assets.

Equity-To-Asset ratio =

Net Worth

Total Assets

This ratio is measured as a percentage. The higher the percentage the less of a business or farm is leveraged or owned by the bank through debt. Any ratio less than 70% puts a business or farm at risk and may lower the borrowing capacity that a business or farm has. A farm or business that has an Equity-To-Asset ratio such as a .49 (49%) has 51% of the business essentially owned by someone else, usually the bank. If the Debt-To-Asset ratio and the Equity-To-Asset ratio are added together it should equal 100% (or 1.0).

If you have any further question please feel free to contact your local Farm Management Educator or the author. 

Information for this article has been modified and gathered using material created by the University of Minnesota Center for Farm Financial Management (CFFM)

You can read the other articles in this series:
Part 1: The current ratio
Part 2: Working capital.
Part 3: Working capital to gross revenues
Part 4: Debt-to-asset ratio
Part 6: Debt-to-equity ratio
Part 7: Net farm income
Part 8: Rate of return on assets
Part 9: Rate of return
Part 10: Operating profit margin
Part 11: The EBITDA measurement of profitability
Part 12: Operating profit margin
Part 13: Capital debt repayment margin
Part 14: Replacement margin
Part 15: Term debt coverage
Part 16: Replacement margin coverage ratio
Part 17: Asset turnover rate
Part 18: Operating-expense ratio
Part 19: Depreciation-expense ratio
Part 20: Interest-expense ratio
Part 21: Net income ratio  

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