Biosecurity: Principles of CHIP

Biosecurity related to 4-H projects has become a focal point for many fairs and expositions. Learn the CHIP method to easily make biosecurity a part of your routine!

National and state agencies have identified biosecurity related to animal agriculture as a high priority.  The United States Department of Agriculture has identified a long-term goal of safeguarding the animal production industry from accidental outbreaks of animal disease in order to assure safety. Disease control, surveillance and food system security are also crucial components to ensure that people and animals are protected. 

Pathogens, viruses and bacteria can spread quickly through animal species and cause sicknesses.  Pathogens can be spread in a variety of ways including through the air, through waste materials such as urine or feces, and through direct contact. Although there are many chances for the spread of pathogens, the management practices that animal owners follow can help reduce the spread of pathogens in the environment. Additionally, Michigan State University Extension recommends 4-H animal exhibitors can do their part to help safeguard the animal production industry by paying particular attention to their management both on their own farms and during exhibition. Over a series of articles the biosecurity principles CHIP will be highlighted.   CHIP is an acronym that stands for:

C- Cleanliness

H- History

I- Isolation

P- Proper management

4-H leaders can help teach youth about the principles of CHIP by accessing and using the Animal Science Anywhere: Basics of Biosecurity resource from MSU Extension.

The next article in this series will focus on the C principle of CHIP, cleanliness.

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